Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a rare, chronic, and progressive cholestatic disease involving intra- and/or extrahepatic bile ducts. PSC in many patients results in end-stage liver diseases. Nearly 60% of the PSC patients suffer from concomitant inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Classically, IBDs are divided into two principle types: Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). However, with growing knowledge, PSC-associated IBD (PSC-IBD) seems to be a rather distinct entity with specific genetics, clinical, and microbiota characteristics.