Researchers at Penn, including Samiran Mukherjee, chief fellow in gastroenterology at the Perelman School of Medicine, are exploring the potential of the artificial intelligence text generator, ChatGPT, in the medical field. Here are the main takeaways:
- ChatGPT’s Potential: When asked about its role in medicine, ChatGPT provides a detailed explanation of its potential applications in health care. However, Penn researchers are actively studying its real-world implications.
- Focus on Education: Mukherjee’s recent research, published in Gastro Hep Advances, centered around the potential of ChatGPT and other AI tools in education. The study explored whether ChatGPT could inform a patient about the need for a colonoscopy based on various health data. The results showed that ChatGPT could apply medical standards to indicate when a colonoscopy is recommended.
- Not a Replacement: The intention is not to replace expert clinical counseling but to assess if ChatGPT could be a useful tool to provide information to patients regarding cancer screening and prevention.
- Future of ChatGPT: As ChatGPT continues to learn and evolve, it is anticipated that people will increasingly ask it health-related questions and receive answers based on the latest data. However, it’s essential to consult with a doctor for medical advice.
- AI’s Role in Health Care: With challenges like long appointment wait times, nurse shortages, and remote locations, AI chatbots like ChatGPT might offer solutions. They could help patients identify conditions requiring immediate medical care and suggest home remedies for less severe conditions.
- AI Limitations: While AI has vast potential, it still lacks in areas like critical thinking and emotional intelligence.
In essence, while ChatGPT and similar AI tools have shown promise in health care, there’s a need for continuous research and collaboration between medical professionals and software developers to harness their full potential.